Epinephelus itajara. This large, solitary fish will defend its territory when threatened, with aggressive body language and a rumbling sound it. Learn more about the Atlantic goliath grouper – with amazing Atlantic goliath grouper videos, photos and facts on Arkive. The Atlantic goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also known as the jewfish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow.

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Native range Point map Year Geographical Distribution World distribution map for the goliath grouper The goliath grouper occurs in the western Atlantic Ocean itajxra Florida south to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.

This fish is solitary by nature, with the adults occupying limited home ranges. This sound travels great distances underwater and is also used to locate other goliath grouper.

It is a relatively easy prey for spear fishermen because of the grouper’s inquisitive and generally fearless nature. Considered of fine food quality, Atlantic goliath grouper were a highly sought-after quarry for fishermen.

Pelvic fins In fish, the pair of fins found on the underside of the body.

Human uses

AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. Conservation The large size, slow growth, low itxjara rate, and spawning behavior have made the goliath grouper especially susceptible to overfishing.

Since receiving legislative protection the spawning epinephels of goliath grouper have risen to individuals per location.

Retrieved from ” https: Hyporthodus acanthistius Rooster hind Hyporthodus darwinensis Darwin grouper Hyporthodus ergastularius Sevenbar grouper Hyporthodus exsul Tenspine grouper Hyporthodus flavolimbatus Yellowedge grouper Hyporthodus haifensis Haifa grouper Hyporthodus mystacinus Misty grouper Hyporthodus nigritus Warsaw grouper Hyporthodus niphobles Star-studded grouper Hyporthodus niveatus Snowy grouper Hyporthodus octofasciatus Eightbar grouper Hyporthodus perplexus Puzzling grouper Hyporthodus quernus Hawaiian grouper Hyporthodus septemfasciatus Convict grouper.


A taxon is Epinepheuls Endangered CR when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction itajaa the wild.

Bases of soft dorsal and anal fins covered with scales and thick skin. The head is broad with small eyes and the pectoral fins and tail fins are rounded.

Epinephelus itajara – Discover Fishes

A solitary species Ref. Entered by Luna, Susan M. Before the Atlantic goliath grouper reaches full size it is susceptible to the attack of barracuda, king mackerel and moray eels, as itajzra as sandbar sharks and hammerhead sharks 2. Atlantic goliath grouper threats The Atlantic goliath grouper is particularly prone to epinepheus because of its large size, slow growth rate, low reproductive rate and group spawning activity. Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 – m Ref.

Larger individuals have been known to stalk and attempt to eat divers.

Very large goliath grouper have been observed to stalk divers and even conduct unsuccessful ambushes of the same.

Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. Variola albimarginata Variola louti. Large adults are somber-colored.

Atlantic goliath grouper – Wikipedia

Rodents of Unusual Size communityepinehpelusdocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Distinguished by the following characteristics: Main reference Upload your references References Coordinator: Species categorized as Extinct EX. The females release eggs while the males release sperm into the open epinwphelus waters. Territorial near it’s refuge cave or wreck where it may show a threat display with open mouth and quivering body.

This makes them particularly vulnerable to mass harvesting while breeding. Crustaceans Diverse group of animals with jointed limbs and a hard chitinous exoskeleton, characterised by the possession of two pairs of antennae, one pair of mandibles mouthparts epinepelus for handling and processing food and two pairs of maxillae appendages used in eating, which are located behind the mandibles.


Groupers of the world family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date.

The caudal fin is rounded. The oldest verifiable goliath grouper on record is 37 years. Predators Predators of groupers include large fish such as barracuda, king mackerel and moray eels, as well as other groupers.

Epinephelus itajara

Share on Facebook Tweet Send email. Smallscaled grouper Epinephelus polylepis.

FishBase – Epinephelus igajara Danger to Humans Very itzjara goliath grouper have been observed to stalk divers and even conduct unsuccessful ambushes of the same.

Pectoral fins are rounded and noticeably larger than the pelvic fins. Photo courtesy Kenneth Krysko Of historical importance to commercial fisheries, the goliath grouper has also long itajar prized by recreational and sport fishers. During the breeding season, from July through September, Atlantic goliath groupers gather together at breeding sites in groups of individuals or more, for periodic spawning.

Terms of Use – The displayed portlet may be used as a link from your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. The dorsal fins are continuous with the rays of the soft dorsal longer than the spines of the first dorsal fin. Juveniles are tawny-coloured with dark banding and blotching.