In epistemology, and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge, reflexivity refers to circular . Economic philosopher George Soros, influenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper (), has been an active promoter of the. This led me to start questioning the assumptions of economic theory. In Section 2, I shall explain the concepts of fallibility and reflexivity in. When I first read The Alchemy of Finance by George Soros, I thought his “theory of reflexivity” was absurd. It seemed to be an ex post facto.

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This leads to the metaculture of conventions about managing and reflecting upon culture.

Keith Basso and Henry A. Economic philosopher George Sorosinfluenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper[2] has been an active promoter of the relevance of reflexivity to economics, first propounding it publicly in his theofy The Alchemy of Finance.

Retrieved from ” https: The second kind of reflexivity studied by anthropologists involves varieties of self-reference in which people and cultural practices call attention to themselves.

More broadly, reflexivity is thdory to occur when the observations or actions of observers in the social system affect the very situations they are observing, or theory being formulated is disseminated to and affects the behaviour of the individuals or systems the theory is meant to be objectively modelling. Reflexivity about the research process became an important part of the critique of the colonial roots [12] and scientistic methods of anthropology in the “writing cultures” [13] movement associated with James Clifford and George Marcusas well as many other anthropologists.

It commonly refers to the capacity of an agent to recognize forces of socialization and alter their place in the social structure.


The observations are not independent of the participation of reflexviity observer. Social Dramas and Stories about Them.

He further suggests that property price inflation is essentially a reflexive phenomenon: This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat The principle of reflexivity was perhaps first enunciated by the sociologists William I.

Actor—network theory Alliance theory Cross-cultural studies Cultural materialism Culture theory Diffusionism Feminism Historical particularism Boasian anthropology Functionalism Interpretive Performance studies Political economy Practice theory Structuralism Post-structuralism Systems theory.

They can play with, comment upon, debate, modify, and objectify culture through manipulating many different features in recognized ways.

George Soros Reflexivity Theory | New Trader U

Margaret Archer has written extensively on laypeople’s reflexivity. See also structure and agency and social mobility. Reflexivity has been most intensively explored in studies of performance, [17] public events, [18] rituals, [19] and linguistic forms [20] but can be seen any time acts, things, or people are held up and commented upon or otherwise set apart for consideration. In researching cultural practices reflexivity plays important role but because of its complexity and subtlety it often goes under-investigated or involves highly specialized analyses.

This points to a general feature of naturalised epistemologiesthat such theories of knowledge allow for specific fields of research to elucidate other fields as part of an overall self-reflective process: The first sense of reflexivity in anthropology is part of social science’s more general self-critique in the wake of theories by Michel Foucault and others about the relationship of power and knowledge production.

Within that part of recent sociology of science that has been called the strong programmereflexivity is suggested as a methodological norm or principle, meaning that a full theoretical account of the social construction of, say, scientific, religious or ethical knowledge systems, should itself be explainable by the same principles and methods as used for accounting for these other knowledge systems.


Reflexivity (social theory) – Wikipedia

Cultural traditions are often imagined as perpetuated as stable ideals by uncreative actors. One use of studying reflexivity is in connection to authenticity. Studies of play and tricksters further expanded ideas ttheory reflexive cultural practices. A low level of reflexivity would result in an individual shaped largely by their environment or “society”. Annual Review of Anthropology.

Reflexivity (social theory)

London and Beverly Hills: Invitation to a Reflexive Sociology. Palgrave Macmillan Grunberg, E. Within sociology more broadly—the field of origin— reflexivity means an act of self-reference where examination or action “bends back on”, refers to, and affects the entity sorls the action or examination. Sociological terminology Sociological theories George Soros. The prophecy has a constitutive impact on the outcome or result, changing the outcome from what would otherwise have happened.

University of Chicago Press.

Simonhas been debated as a major issue in relation to the Lucas Critiqueand has been raised as a methodological issue in economic science arising from the issue of reflexivity in the sociology of scientific knowledge SSK literature. Reported Speech and Metapragmatics. The Credit Crisis of and What it Means 1st ed. While Archer emphasizes the agentic aspect of reflexivity, reflexive orientations can themselves be seen as being socially and temporally embedded.

Anthropologists by nationality Anthropology by year Bibliography Journals List of indigenous peoples Organizations. Moral Models in Anthropology. Thus for example an anthropologist living in an isolated village may affect the village and the behaviour of its citizens under study.

For her, human reflexivity is a mediating mechanism between structural properties, or the individual’s social context, and action, or the individual’s ultimate concerns.